Research and Teaching


One of my main studies is the piping culture in former British colonies in the Far East, with a particular focus on Hong Kong and British Malaya. I have a blog to share some history, photos, survey data, interview recordings, archival documents, videos, and more about Scottish bagpiping in former British colonies in the Far East. Click the link to visit the blog and find out more!

As and sociologist and ethnologist, I also focus on the knowledge exchange of research. By changing and intervening in the community, I hope the people being studied can benefit when I am conducting research. Therefore, in 2018 and 2019, I used part of my research funds to arrange three world-renowned bagpipe and drum instructors from Scotland to Hong Kong to hold two one-week piping and drumming summer schools. Tutors include Major Bruce Hitchings MBE BEM, former Chief Instructor of the British Army Bagpipe School, Brian Alexander, former Drum Instructor of the British Army Bagpipe School, and Robert Watt, a former member of the Field Marshal Montgomery Pipe Band, 13-times World Pipe Band Champion.

Piping and drumming examinations recognised by the Scottish Credit and Qualifications Framework and open competitions for summer school and non-summer school attendants were held in the summer schools. McCallum Bagpipes in Scotland kindly sponsored the competitions; Dr Gavin Ure, former Chieftain of Hong Kong St Andrew's Society, awarded prizewinners.

The summer schools also provided ten places for children as an initiative to promote Scottish culture and to train the next generation of bagpipers and drummers in Hong Kong.

For more information, please visit the website of the partner institution.

Brian Alexander teaching the summer school

Bruce Hitchings teaching the summer school

I also have a wide range of academic publications on Scottish music, politics, Hong Kong society, British colonial history, colonialism, diaspora, and Freemasonry. You can see some of my works here.



This course will introduce students to political data analysis using domestic and international data. It will explore how to access relevant data and assess the appropriateness of data. It will provide key skills in quantitative data analysis, including descriptive statistics, cross-tab/contingency tables, measures of association, correlation and regression. These techniques will be used to answer different aspects of the same research question.


The course covers theories of governance, the political system and policy-making; the processes of public policy; agencies and organisations within government; policy implementation and policy networks; multi-level governance and the distribution of powers between levels and agencies of government; the reasons for the success or failure of policies.


The primary objective of the course is to understand the structural contexts and contingent elements that surround the making (and unmaking) of development projects around the world. To do so, we will bring key anthropological and ethnographic concepts from patronage, expertise, and power to money, gifts, and debt to bear on practices of state-led development, market-driven approaches, and third-sector endeavors.